Our guide is meant for educational purposes, and we offer no guarantees on success. Depending on the device, there are potentially dozens of versions of Android you can install. Some are created and maintained by a team of developers, while others have just a single developer overseeing all aspects. Best of all, they are all free.
The biggest and most popular custom Android experience is LineageOS. Formerly known as CyanogenMod and later just CyanogenLineageOS is a close-to-stock version of Android with additional features that make your device more powerful and customizable.
One of the best things about LineageOS is that it lets you update many devices to the latest version of Android — even if stock updates for that device ended long ago. This breathes new life into otherwise-forgotten smartphones and tablets. Before you get all crazy messing with the software of your device, you should know some basics.
How you complete those steps — and the tools needed to do the job — differs from device to device. But overall, the basic steps are the same. Each step begets the next.
You then unlock the bootloader, because it accesses the recovery, and then you change the recovery to a custom one because it flashes the ROM. You then flash the ROM, and on and on. One incredibly important fact to keep in mind is that this process will almost always involve a wipe of your personal data.
With that in mind, it is imperative you follow step three and make a backup before performing any changes to your device. If something goes wrong after you unlock the bootloader, there will be no way to get your phone back to the way it used to be. Instead, your phone will be set back to factory default like it was when you first turned it on.
Devices usually permanently record an unlocked bootloader so even if you unlock it and then lock it again the company will know. Some rare devices out there allow you to flash new ROMs without needing to hook up to a computer first.There are two ways you should consider testing your app bundle: locally using the bundletool command line tool and through Google Play by uploading your bundle to the Play Console and using a test track. This page explains how to use bundletool to test your app bundle locally.
By default, the IDE does not use app bundles to deploy your app to a local device for testing. If you haven't already done so, download bundletool from the GitHub repository.
When bundletool generates APKs from your app bundle, it includes them in a container called an APK set archivewhich uses the. To generate an APK set for all device configurations your app supports from your app bundle, use the bundletool build-apks command, as shown below. If you do not specify signing information, bundletool attempts to sign your APKs with a debug key for you. The table below describes the various flags and options you can set when using the bundletool build-apks command in greater detail.
Only --bundle and --output are required—all other flags are optional. To learn more, read about the feature module manifest. Keep in mind, these APKs are larger than those optimized for a particular device configuration.
For an example of how to test module installation using the --local-testing flag, see Locally test module installs.
After you generate a set of APKs, bundletool can deploy the right combination of APKs from that set to a connected device. For example, if you have a connected device running Android 5.
Alternatively, if your connected device is running Android 4. To first generate a JSON file for a connected device, run the following command:. You can then pass it to bundletool to generate a set of APKs that target only the configuration described in that JSON file as follows:. You can then pass this JSON to the bundle extract-apks command, as described in the previous section. If you have an existing APK set and you want to extract from it a subset of APKs that target a specific device configuration, you can use the extract-apks command and specify a device specification JSON, as follows:.
To measure the estimated download sizes of APKs in an APK set as they would be served compressed over-the-wire, use the get-size total command:.
You can modify the behavior of the get-size total command using the following flags:. To learn more about using bundletooltry the following resource. Content and code samples on this page are subject to the licenses described in the Content License. Android Studio. Download What's new User guide Preview. Meet Android Studio. Manage your project. Write your app. Build and run your app. Run apps on the emulator.
Run apps on a hardware device. Configure your build. Debug your app. Test your app. Profile your app.
Beginner’s guide to installing LineageOS on your Android device
Benchmark your app. Inspect CPU activity. Publish your app. Command line tools. Google is committed to advancing racial equity for Black communities.The net send command is a Command Prompt command used to send messages to users, computers, and messaging aliases on the network.
The net send command is one of many net commands. See How to Read Command Syntax if you're not sure how to read the net send command syntax as it's written above or shown in the table below. You can store the output of the net send command in a file using a redirection operator with the command. Thank you! The message is in quotes because a slash was used. While it's a completely unprofessional way to terminate someone's employment, in this net send example, the command is used to send Mike Smith, with the username smithma message he probably didn't want to hear: You're Fired!
The net send command is a subset of the net command and so is similar to its sister commands like net usenet time, net usernet view, etc. If the net send command isn't working, you might see the following error in Command Prompt:.
There are two ways to fix this error, but only one is a permanent solution Do this with the cd command it stands for change directory :. From there, you can run the net send command without seeing that error. However, this is only a temporary solution that you'll have to do all the time for every command. The real problem is that the current environment variable hasn't been set up correctly.
Here's how to restore the proper environment variable necessary for Command Prompt to understand your commands in Windows XP:. Select Path from the list of variables in the System Variables section. In the Variable value text box, look for any paths that read exactly like this:. You should only have one in there, but if you have neither, then go to the very end of the text, type a semicolon, and then enter the top path from above, like this:.
Is one already in there? Don't edit any other variables. If it helps, you can copy all the text into Notepad and do the editing there. When you're done, just paste the edited variable value back into that text box to overwrite the existing text.
Restart your computer. If net send commands appear to work in Command Prompt with a "successful" message, but the pop-up doesn't show up on the computers the message is sent to, check that the receiving computers have the Messenger service enabled.
Tweet Share Email. Net Send Command Options Item Explanation name This option specifies the username, computer name, or messaging name defined with the net name command that you want to send the message to.
The message can be a maximum of characters and must be wrapped in double quotes if it contains a slash. Using this option is the same as using the net help command with net send: net help send. The help switch also works with the net send command but only displays the basic command syntax. More from Lifewire. This option specifies the username, computer name, or messaging name defined with the net name command that you want to send the message to.
Use the asterisk to send the message to every user in your current domain or workgroup. This switch can be used alone to send the message to all the names in the current domain.Install Android Apps Via USB
This option sends the message to all the users connected to the server that the net send command is being executed from. This net send command option is obviously required and specifies the exact text of the message you're sending.
Use this switch to display detailed information about the net send command.All rights reserved. XDA Developers was founded by developers, for developers. It is now a valuable resource for people who want to make the most of their mobile devices, from customizing the look and feel to adding new functionality.
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XDA Feed The best way to get cutting edge news about your device! October 16, Download the live wallpapers from the Google Pixel 5 on any device October 14, Official LineageOS Thanks Meter : Anything else will not work! This is just an attempt by me to better document the process and to explain how it works and what the process entails. I had to go thru so many websites and download so many files because the prior thread encountered issues and problems.
I just cleaned up all the information and present what I personally did as of this writing to get it done with all the links updated. I am not responsible for damage you may cause by proceeding.
This is more advanced than typical re-flashing of kernels so you have been duly warned. The left arrow is called the BACK button. The home button is the one marked with a circle. Make sure the remote is very close to the Mi Box while doing this. Required files. If you were able to flash your Mi Box to nougat, just do it again using buildnothing older, nothing newer.
Here's a link to find build as well as all other firmware for the MDZAB in case you need it. Bootloader 2. Kernel, Recovery, System 3. What this procedure entails doing is to first make a backup of the bootloader of your Nougat Mi Box Part 1.
Xiaomi Mi Box MDZ-16-AB downgrade from Nougat Beta to Marshmallow 6 Updated.
Then re-write the bootloader with a specially modified temporary bootloader Part 2.This can only work if you are subscribed to a data plan with your mobile carrier. If you are subscribed only to a call-only plan, this solution might not work.
Most carriers charge for such service. Some provide unlimited data access, while most others set limits usually expressed as amount of data either in megabytes or gigabytes. You can easily go overboard and exceed your data limits, you know. To be able to connect your computer to the Internet using your Android phone, you need the following:. For installing PdaNet 3. You can install it for free and can use all premium features for 14 days, after which you will be asked to upgrade to the full version if you want to continue using all premium features.
For the desktop version of PdaNet 3. Or, you can go the easier way by installing the app on your phone first. Once the app finishes installing on your phone, it will ask whether you want to download the desktop version.
Installation ought to be smooth and trouble-free. Here are two very common troubles:. Your phone will now be connected to the Internet using the mobile network connection of your Android phone.
This solution is particularly handy if you are in an area where Wi-Fi or a wired Internet connection is unavailable. Have you tried using the PdaNet 3.The purpose is to ensure that all uncompressed data starts with a particular alignment relative to the start of the file.
Specifically, it causes all uncompressed data within the APK, such as images or raw files, to be aligned on 4-byte boundaries. This allows all portions to be accessed directly with mmap even if they contain binary data with alignment restrictions. The benefit is a reduction in the amount of RAM consumed when running the application.
This tool should always be used to align your APK file before distributing it to end-users. The Android build tools can handle this for you. Android Studio automatically aligns your APK. Caution: You must use zipalign at one of two specific points in the app-building process, depending on which app-signing tool you use:. The adjustment is made by altering the size of the "extra" field in the zip Local File Header sections. Existing data in the "extra" fields may be altered by this process.
For more information about how to use zipalign when building your application, please read Signing Your Application.
To align infile. This must always be 4 which provides bit alignment or else it effectively does nothing. Content and code samples on this page are subject to the licenses described in the Content License. Android Studio. Download What's new User guide Preview. Meet Android Studio. Manage your project. Write your app.
Build and run your app. Run apps on the emulator. Run apps on a hardware device. Configure your build. Debug your app. Test your app. Profile your app. Benchmark your app. Inspect CPU activity.
Publish your app.Paired with an Amazon Prime subscription, it's the perfect companion for streaming movies and TV shows while on the go. What speaks against the Kindle Fire, however, is the lack of apps and aggressive Amazon ads on the lock screen.
But we'll show you how to install Google Play and remove ads from your Kindle Fire without rooting the device for freeand with no computer neededeither! Heard about targeted advertising but not so bothered about them? Here's why targeted ads are dangerous and bad for your privacy.
You also won't need a Windows PC. If these methods didn't work for you, check the comments for help with other Kindle Fire or Fire OS versions. While Amazon preps the Fire with its own Appstore, several Google apps including Gmail are not available on Amazon's market. For some, that's a deal breaker and a reason to prefer Google Play over the Appstore. While rooting the Amazon Fire tablet allows you to install a standard Android version and thus the Google Play Store, doing so loses the interface optimized for consuming Amazon Prime content.
More importantly, rooting can void your warranty andin the worst casebrick your device. Thus, it only takes a few tweaks to install the Google Play Store and remove lock screen ads no root access required. When you're done, your lock screen will resemble the screenshot below; this looks so much better than a screen covered in Amazon ads!
If for any reason that doesn't work, scroll down for an alternative method. Have you added an SD card to your Fire tablet? While this wasn't a problem on my unit the apps didn't install onto the SD card, even though the option was enabledit's a known reason for the installation process to fail. Before you download the files, be sure to permit the installation of third-party apps.
They should be upward compatible. If you're running Android 6 or 7, you can scroll through the more recent versions of the respective APK and download the latest one for your Fire OS. Before the download starts, a popup will warn you that the file can harm your device. Press OK to confirm that you want to download it anyway. Once the downloads have completed, head to your home screen. Here, tap to install each file in the following order identical to the download order above :.
You'll have to scroll through the privacy and device access notes to turn the Next option in the bottom-right to Install. With the installation of all four files completed, you should see the Google Play Store app on your home screen. Tap it to start the setup process. You may see a spinning circle for a few minutes while the apps run updates in the background. Next, you should see a "checking info" screen. When the app finally lets you sign in with your Google account, you're almost set.